The Internet of Things (IoT) is one of the four technology superpowers
(the other three being mobile, AI and Cloud) that is redefining the way the
world operates—both, how people live their daily lives, and how businesses are
With the growing proliferation of connected
devices and sensors we have entered an age where data analytics, connectivity and
automation have become prevalent even in our daily lives. Be it GPS modules in
our cars or smart bulbs in our home, we are surrounded by IoT devices.
Organizations across industries are putting IoT to work in some shape or form.
For example, the insurance industry is leveraging IoT for predicting and evaluating
risk and expediting claims processes. And, the healthcare industry remotely
monitoring patient health through IoT devices.
IDC predicts that by 2025 there will
be 41.6 billion connected IoT devices, or “things,” generating 79.4
zettabytes (ZB) of data. If you consider the pace of disruption as a result of
the growing scale of IoT, we can expect to soon move past smart homes and the connected
appliances concept. As the interactions between machines and devices continue
to grow without any human intervention, we will begin seeing the real value of the
zetabytes of data generated, through better and faster decision-making,
predictive analytics and automation.
As we enter into a new decade, here
are some key trends in IoT that we at Brillio believe are shaping the
future and making it lucrative for enterprises from across industries to adopt IoT
at a rapid pace.
5G networks will widen the choice and
availability of IoT:
2020 should witness a working model of the first
customer-ready 5G network that would operate up to 20 times faster than current
cellular data networks. The integration of 5G networks with IoT will enable
smart enterprises to plan ahead, operate with extreme flexibility and
accelerate the path towards an agile ecosystem. The exponential increase in
connectivity that 5G delivers will not only link people more efficiently but
will also lead to greater interconnectivity and control of machines, objects
With lower latency and affordable wireless connectivity, the interoperability
between IoT devices will increase; resulting in more efficient and advanced
functionalities such as remote health monitoring, track and trace across supply
chain-logistics, enhanced security, remote investigation, vehicle automation
and connected factory enabled by quality networks and sensors that securely
Edge Computing will win the race:
computing has been gaining popularity in recent years, and we expect that the
growing scope of IoT technology will make it even more popular. IDC has
predicted that by 2025, nearly 45% of the world’s data will move closer to the
world becoming increasingly data-driven, until now organizations have depended
on IoT devices to store data on the cloud. Edge computing has played an
important role in storing data on a local device near the IoT device, where it
is needed the most. This locally stored data is sorted, filtered and processed
before being uploaded to a centralized data center or the cloud. The
decentralization of data will lead to less bandwidth consumption by IoT devices
and enhance the ease of operation. This is going to attract more organizations
to adapt edge computing in the coming years.
Blockchain – backbone for IoT:
With a large quantum of data, comes great responsibility. As all the
devices in IoT setup are identified, connected and validated via centralized
cloud servers, enterprises have to incur high maintenance and infrastructure
cost which makes scalability a bit challenging. Also, cloud servers are
highly vulnerable in nature and the failure at one point can affect the entire
But this drawback of IoT is now short-lived, as integration of blockchain
technologies into IoT frameworks is gaining popularity. Blockchain being secure
and decentralized, can do exactly what IoT requires. With
decentralization in place, an organizations data storage needs and computation
can be distributed across millions of IoT devices to mitigate the risk of a central
failure impacting the whole network; and help IoT devices scale up efficiently.
Predictive maintenance – simplified!
a lot of talk on predictive maintenance for a while. We believe the time has
now come predictive measures would be taken, even without human intervention.
By improving the relevance and accuracy of data-driven insights, gathered
through IoT sensors and devices, action will be taken as soon as any problem is
witnessed. Manufacturers will now be able to take proactive measures to avoid
any damages, by combining all the relevant operational data from the plant or
line environment with business context data from the IT systems; thereby
automating decision-making in the real-time.
AR/VR and IoT for a Phygital world:
rapid growth of AR/VR industry, predicted to be a $160 billion industry by 2023, we’re moving towards a phygital
world (blend of the physical and the digital spaces). Many retailers have their
eyes on the AR/VR unification with IoT to provide an immersive experience to their
customers by improving their interaction with products and services through
trend that we foresee is a full-fledged industrial transformation where
visualization of data through AR/VR devices can happen in real time on
increasingly powerful Internet-based broadband networks.
With industry estimates that the average
person will own and use at least 15 connected devices by the year 2030 (that’s in
addition to the public and industry use scenarios), in 2020 expect business and
technology leaders to keenly watching the changes happening in IoT as these
trends are going to shape the future of this disruptive technology superpower, and
will lead to a transformational change in the way they do business.